Your baby 0-1 year

Before 3 years: no animal milks and animals

The French Union for Children's Foods warns parents who think well by giving plant milks (almond milk, soya milk) or animal milks (donkey's milk, sheep's milk ...) to their children less than 3 years old: they are not adapted and do not meet their specific needs.

Cow milks, mares, soya, almonds ... in the face of the upsurge of "fashionable" milks, pediatricians recall that children under 3 have specific needs to ensure their proper development and that only breast milk, infant milks and milks of growth respond to it.

Specific milk requirements

  • From diversification to the age of 3, the milk supply is essential for the development of the child because it has very specific needs in iron, calcium, essential fatty acids, proteins and vitamin D to ensure its growth.
  • Pediatricians remind that breast milk remains the best choice when possible, then relays breastfeeding, milk age up to 10-12 months, and milk growth up to 3 years. Strictly regulated, they respond perfectly to these needs, which is not the case of plant and animal milks.

Inadequate plant and animal milks

  • At the same time low in calciumin minerals, essential fatty acids and iron, and not rich enough in protein and calories, plant juices (soy milk, almond milk) are considered too weak and fanciful by pediatricians: "At the time fantasy prevails over common sense, we find in our consultations important dietary gaps, "says Pr Chevallier, head of the pediatric department at Ambroise-Paré hospital in Boulogne.
  • Animal milks (cow, goat, ewe, mare, donkey) are not better adapted to toddlers and do not meet their needs. In babies fed on cow's milk, deficiency in essential fatty acids, iron, zinc, vitamins E, A and B5, but 3 to 4 times higher intakes of protein are observed. Pediatricians recommend not giving it to your child before 3 years old.
  • Howeverif, for personal or financial reasons, you prefer to give cow's milk to your child before this age, choose the whole for a sufficient fat intake and ensure that his diet is rich in iron, meat-based red for example, to best fit his needs.

Did you know ?

From 6 months to 3 years, a baby ideally needs 500 ml of infant milk a day.

Stéphanie Letellier

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